The accusers said the black Man [Devil] stood and dictated to him. This observation was memorialized in a letter to his friend James Petiver: His well-received Essays to Do Good urged all individuals to act for the betterment of the community.
Some callings, are more immediately, to serve the souls of our neighbors; and some their safety and some their defense; and some their bodies; and some their estates; and some their delights.
Calef calls it "perfectly Ambidexter, giving as great as greater Encouragement to proceed in those dark methods, then cautions against them… indeed the Advice then given, looks most like a thing of his Composing, as carrying both Fire to increase and Water to quench the Conflagration.
His contemporaries Calef and Thomas Brattle place him at the executions see below. Letter from Cotton Mather to William Stoughton, September 2, On September 2,after eleven of the accused had been executed, Cotton Mather wrote a letter to Chief Justice William Stoughton congratulating him on "extinguishing of as wonderful a piece of devilism as has been seen in the world" and claiming that "one half of my endeavors to serve you have not been told or seen.
Mather also took an active role in political matters, most notably by agitating against the governorship of Edmund Andros. Cotton Mather seems to take credit for the varied responses when anonymously celebrating himself years later: In Mather became interested in the famed witch trials in Salem, during which twenty people were executed and more than one hundred arrested.
He believed that not all learned individuals were qualified to doctor others, and while ministers took on several roles in the early years of the colony, including that of caring for the sick, they were now expected to stay out of state and civil affairs.
He received no response. Though I believe that the just God then ordinarily provides a way for the speedy vindication of the persons thus abused. Mather is often remembered for his role in the Salem witch trials, primarily because he lent his support to the persecution of witches.
In the scientific realm, he was an early advocate for smallpox inoculation, a stand that earned him the antipathy of many of his neighbors.
He served with his father at North Church in Boston for 40 years. As the frenzy spread to all elements of society, however, Mather modified his position. Brandshave argued that this position was a result of the contrarian positions of editor-in-chief James Franklin a brother of Benjamin Franklin.
Miller seems to imagine Cotton Mather as sensitive, tender, and a good vehicle for his jeremiad thesis: His scholarship was praised in both North America and Europe; he was elected a fellow of the Royal Society of London; and he published more than four hundred works.
In Mather became involved in a witch trial in Boston. Indeed a man cannot live without the help of other men. The editorial stance was that the Boston populace feared that inoculation spread, rather than prevented, the disease; however, some historians, notably H.
They grappled with adhering to the Ten Commandmentswith being proper church members and good caring neighbors. These have allowed scholars a better understanding of Puritan ideology and offer a rare glimpse into the daily life of seventeenth-century America.
However, Mather was not a high-profile player in the trials. The Kittredge lineage at Harvard[ edit ] —3 Kenneth B. The epidemic peaked in Octoberwith deaths; by February 26,Boston was again free from smallpox. Puritanism was as much motivated to encourage work as worship.Cotton Mather Description: He was the son of Increase Mather, and grandson of both John Cotton and Richard Mather, all also prominent Puritan ministers.
The The Essays of Cotton Mather Community Note includes chapter-by-chapter summary and analysis, character list, theme list, historical context, author biography and quizzes written by.
Cotton Mather, FRS (February 12, – February 13, InGeorge Lyman Kittredge published an essay that would become foundational to a major change in the 20th-century view of witchcraft and Mather culpability therein.
Kittredge is dismissive of Robert Calef, and sarcastic toward Upham, but shows a fondness for Poole and a.
Joshua H. Read & Response Essay: Cotton Mather's "The Wonders of the Invisible World" February 26, Cotton was the eldest son of Increase Mather, the pastor of the Second Church of Boston, and as such, it was assumed he would become one himself.
Essays and criticism on Cotton Mather - Critical Essays. Cotton Mather was a member of one of the most distinguished early Massachusetts families.
His well-received Essays to Do Good () urged all individuals to act for the betterment of the community. An account of his inoculation activities earned Mather membership in the Royal Society in London, making him the first American-born person to.Download