Haroon interviewed residents from 32 different nursing homes known to have different levels of autonomy In material written for a popular readership, does the author use appeals to emotion, one-sided examples, or rhetorically-charged language and tone?
Aim for a clear and cohesive essay that integrates the key details of the literature and communicates your point of view a literature is not a series of annotated articles. Select useful quotes that you may want to include in your review.
What types of publications am I using e. As a piece of writing, the literature review must be defined by a guiding concept e. If you include studies prior to the past five years that are not landmark studies, you should defend why you have chosen these rather than more current ones.
Develop a Working Thesis Write a one or two sentence statement summarizing the conclusion you have reached about the major trends and developments you see in the research that has been done on your subject.
Type, in large font, the name of each of your coded themes. A review may be a self-contained unit -- an end in itself -- or a preface to and rationale for engaging in primary research. Instead, organize the literature review into sections that present themes or identify trends, including relevant theory.
Is the analysis of the data accurate and relevant to the research question? Decide on your areas of research: In the sciences and some of the social sciences it is important that your literature be quite recent; this is not so important in the humanities Make certain that all of the citations and references are correct and that you are referencing in the appropriate style for your discipline.
Do I follow through a set of concepts and questions, comparing items to each other in the ways they deal with them?
The format of a review of literature may vary from discipline to discipline and from assignment to assignment. How does this book or article relate to the specific thesis or question I am developing?
Generally, the purpose of a review is to analyze critically a segment of a published body of knowledge through summary, classification, and comparison of prior research studies, reviews of literature, and theoretical articles.
Make sure that you only get articles and books in those areas, even if you come across fascinating books in other areas. Instead of just listing and summarizing items, do I assess them, discussing strengths and weaknesses?
This is one of the most common problems with student literature reviews.
Take the slips of paper to a table or large workspace and figure out the best way to organize them. Make sure each note goes into a pile. It was found that physical structures, such as standardized furniture, heating that could not be individually regulated, and no possession of a house key for residents limited their feelings of independence.
These gaps will be important for you to address as you plan and write your review. In writing the literature review, your purpose is to convey to your reader what knowledge and ideas have been established on a topic, and what their strengths and weaknesses are.
Writing the conclusion In the conclusion, you should: Note key statistics that you may want to use in the introduction to your review.
Moreover, Hopewho interviewed residents from various nursing homes, substantiates the claim that characteristics of the institutional environment such as the extent of resources in the facility, as well as its location, are features which residents have indicated as being of great importance to their independence.
Your analysis can make generalizations across a majority of studies, but should also note inconsistencies across studies and over time. Write the Body of the Paper Follow the plan you have developed above, making certain that each section links logically to the one before and after, and that you have divided your sections by themes or subtopics, not by reporting the work of individual theorists or researchers.
Writing the body In the body, you should: Their system provides an excellent guide for getting through the massive amounts of literature for any purpose: After studying residents and staff from two intermediate care facilities in Calgary, Alberta, Smith came to the conclusion that except for the amount of personal privacy available to residents, the physical environment of these institutions had minimal if any effect on their perceptions of control autonomy.
The following are the key steps as outlined by Galvan In what ways does this book or article contribute to our understanding of the problem under study, and in what ways is it useful for practice?
What discipline am I working in e. Find books in the library that are relevant and check them out. Disagreement about the constructs you are investigating When you find any of these five things, type the relevant excerpt directly into a Word document.A good research question is manageable in scope - not too broad, but not too narrow.
If your topic is too broad, you may become overwhelmed and find it difficult to organize your ideas. If your topic is too narrrow, you may not be able to find enough information to include in your literature review. A good literature review should avoid the temptation of stressing the importance of a particular research program.
The fact that a researcher is undertaking the research program speaks for its importance, and an educated reader may well be insulted that they are not allowed to.
The main focus of an academic research paper is to develop a new argument, and a research paper is likely to contain a literature review as one of its parts. In a research paper, you use the literature as a foundation and as support for a new insight that you contribute.
Characteristics of a Good Research Question for a Literature Review A good research question can be answered by collecting and analyzing data. Your literature search will be limited to scholarly research, which nearly always attempts to answer.
1. Introduction. Not to be confused with a book review, a literature review surveys scholarly articles, books and other sources (e.g. dissertations, conference proceedings) relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory, providing a description, summary, and critical evaluation of each work.
The purpose is to offer an overview of significant literature published on a topic. VCU's Writing Center consultants can help you plan, develop, and organize your literature review and a follow-up appointment will help you edit, proofread, and revise it.
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