APA Style, on the other hand, generally uses words for numbers below 10 and numerals for numbers 10 and above. Numerous examples in Chapter 7 of the Publication Manual show both numbers in a page range being written out in full, regardless of size, and example 23 on page demonstrates the same concept applied to a range of years.
Otherwise, both numbers should be fully written out ; All numbers below 10 should be written out in word form.
Ranges of years beginning in AD have their own rules: This exception applies only to units of time—no such exceptions apply to any other approximate units of measure. The APA style is strongly suited to tackling formatting issues for disciplines that rely heavily on the usage of numbers to make explanations, arguments and deductions from evidence gathered in their respective field.
And finally, when writing about percentages, always use a numeral, even if the number is less than Posted by David Becker at In this case, the number should be written as a numeral: Their data were based on the fifth edition of the APA Publication Manual, but most of the style rules cited remained unchanged in the sixth edition.
The sixth edition does not contain that rule, so the general rule about expressing numbers 10 and above with numerals and below 10 with words holds.
Common fractions such as one-third, one half, and one-fourth should be written out as such. Basics of APA Style: We have devoted a number of blog posts to this topic. Readers can more easily understand information when it is consistently communicated in one way.
To submit your questions or ideas, or to simply learn more about Sciencing, contact us here. If the title in the reference list is nonitalic, put the title in double quotation marks in the in-text citation and captialize it using title case; if the title in the reference list is italic, keep the title in italics in the in-text citation and capitalize it using title case.
Beginning of Sentences You should write numbers that begin sentences even if the number is above Ask away in the comments section. There is also a new exception in the sixth edition—that words should be used to express units of time when those units are approximate: If the first two digits of both years are the same, include only the last two digits of the second year ; This general rule about using numerals in these contexts is the same as in the fifth edition.
For example, numbers like four or seven. Numbers By David Becker So far we have covered the general differences between MLA and APA styles and reviewed how their rules differ when creating in-text citations and reference list entries.
Although this is not required, it may make you feel happier about your writing, and we are all for you feeling happy about your writing.any number that begins a sentence, title, or text heading.
Whenever possible, reword the sentence to avoid beginning with a number. Examples:. APA rules for numbers state: Use figures for numbers 10 and above (12 of the subjects); for numbers above and below 10 grouped for comparison (2 of 16 responses); for numbers representing time, dates, and age (3 years ago, 2 hr 15 min); for numbers denoting a specific place in a series, book, or table (Table 3, Group 3, page 32).
Most Common Rule. The most common and frequently used rule for writing numbers in APA style is determined by whether the number is under All numbers below 10 should be written out in word form.
When using numbered references, cite a source by using the number assigned to that source in the reference list. Use the information below for guidelines on how to cite numbered references correctly in your text.
Arrange the sources you cite alphabetically and then number them; or Number the. APA Style, on the other hand, generally uses words for numbers below 10 and numerals for numbers 10 and above.
However, the MLA Handbook further notes that science writers frequently use numerals for various kinds of data, such as units of measurement and statistical expressions, regardless of size. Use numerals to express numbers 10 and above, and use words to express numbers below 10 (see sections –, pp.
–). This general rule was altered slightly from the fifth to the sixth edition of the Publication Manual.Download